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Understanding on the Pudgalavādins of Vātsīputrīya Based by Analysis of Sutras Referred to in the Chapter Nine “Ātmavādapratisedha” of Abhidharmakośa

  • 불교학리뷰
  • Abbr : Critical Review for Buddhist Studies
  • 2019, (26), pp.103-129
  • DOI : 10.29213/crbs..26.201910.103
  • Publisher : Geumgang Center for Buddhist Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Buddhist Studies
  • Received : September 18, 2019
  • Accepted : October 11, 2019
  • Published : October 31, 2019

LEE, CHI WON 1

1한국지질자원연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Even though the Pudgalavāda has been a famous doctrine through the Buddhist history from the very early time, our knowledge of the Pudgalavādins has been limited because of rather poor remains of their own texts. This paper analysed the sutras referred to in the Chapter nine “Ātmavādapratisedha” of Abhidharmakośa for the better understanding on the Pudgalavādins. A total of 90 sturas was analysed in 34 places of the Chapter nine and in them 30 sutras were analysed in 10 places to be referred by the Pudgalavādins of Vātsīputrīya. The discordance between 4 nikāyas and 4 āgamas, and the duplications of same or similar sutras in different nikāyas and āgamas have been well known. This analysis of 90 sturas in 34 places also shows such features. The statistical analysis tells all the sutras referred to by the Pudgalavādins are belonged to the group of Chinese translations of Aṅguttara and Aṅguttara nikāya. It suggests, in the debate on Anātman within Buddhist circles, the Pudgalavādins of Vātsīputrīya might regard sutras of Aṅguttara as their base of Pudgalavāda, even Vasubandhu criticised them as neyārtha sūtras. The debate on ‘Anātman’ might have begun with strongly rejecting Pudgalavāda, because other Buddhist schools considered the Pudgala of Pudgalavādins as an entity (dravya) which seemed to be the ātman of Brahmanism. It is contradiction of the meaning of the Pudgala in the sutras that triggered the initial of the debate. However, as to principal agent of samsāra, Pudgalavādins used the term based on the sutras, on the other hand the term of Vasubandhu was based on Abhidharma itself. So it could be a way for the better understanding on the Pudgalavādins to review the sutras referred by the Pudgalavādins in the Chapter nine “Ātmavādapratisedha” of Abhidharmakośa.

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