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A Retrospective Study of Luxation Injuries in Primary Teeth: Prognosis with Splinting

송기언 1 NAM OK HYUNG 2 Kim Mi Sun 2 Lee Hyo-Seol 1 KIM, KWANG CHUL 1 Chul Choi Sung 1

1경희대학교
2경희의료원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the prognosis of luxation injuries in primary teeth treated with splinting. This study retrospectively analyzed 92 children with luxation injuries to their primary teeth who were treated with splints between 2010 and 2015. Prognoses were analyzed in patients who had been followed for more than 6 months. The prognoses with splinting were based on clinical and radiographic evaluations performed during the follow-up examinations. The mean patient age was 42.1 months, and 67.4% were male. The most common cause of luxation injury was falling, and the mean splint duration was 2.4 weeks. The success rate of splinting was 58.9%. The highest rate of success was achieved following subluxation, while repositioning and splinting of lateral luxation had the lowest rate of success. Pulp necrosis was the most common unfavorable prognosis in the luxation injuries. Depending upon the type of luxation, splint therapy had acceptable prognoses and might be a feasible treatment option.

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