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Review on Predictors of Weight Loss Maintenance after Successful Weight Loss in Obesity Treatment

  • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
  • Abbr : J Korean Med Obes Res
  • 2019, 19(2), pp.119-136
  • DOI : 10.15429/jkomor.2019.19.2.119
  • Publisher : The Society of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Korean Medicine
  • Received : September 6, 2019
  • Accepted : October 31, 2019
  • Published : December 30, 2019

Yu-Kyung Kwon 1 Seo-Young Kim 2 Young-Woo Lim 2 Young-Bae Park 1

1누베베 미병 의학 연구소
2누베베 한의원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: People often fail to maintain their weight even though they have succeeded in weight loss. The purpose of this study was to review previously published study results with regards to the predictive factors associated with weight loss maintenance after successful weight loss. Methods: The authors searched for the articles related to weight loss maintenance after successful weight loss, published up until June 2019 on PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Embase, Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), and Koreanstudies Information Service System (KISS). A total of 76 articles were finally selected. From the study results, changeable and unchangeable predictors were extracted, and these predictors were examined according to detailed categories. Results: The changeable predictors of weight loss maintenance included behavioral factors, psychological factors and treatment process-related factors, whereas the unchangeable predictors included genetic and physiological factors, demographic factors, history of treatment on obesity-related factors. The main factors of weight loss maintenance were changeable predictors such as healthy eating habits, dietary intake control, binge eating control, regular exercise and physical activity, depression and stress control, social supports, self-regulation, self-weighing and initial weight loss and unchangeable predictors such as low initial weight and maximum lifetime weight. Conclusions: The results of our review results suggest that changeable and unchangeable predictors of weight loss maintenance should be carefully examined during treatments of obesity.

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