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Association between Fear of Falling and Social Isolation: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea

  • The Journal of Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2023, 7(3), pp.311-324
  • Publisher : The Society for Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : June 22, 2023
  • Accepted : September 18, 2023
  • Published : December 31, 2023

Joo-Ho Park 1 Min-Soo Kim 1 Yang Jeong Min 1 Jae-Hyun Kim 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of fear of falling on social isolation among Korean adults aged 19 or older. In this study, 224,341 people were analyzed using the 2019 Community Health Survey, excluding missing values, Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the relationship between fear of falling and social isolation. As a result of analysis across all age groups, compared to the group without fear of falling, the social isolation rate of the group with a slight fear of falling was 1.21 times (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR]: 1.21, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.15-1.27 ), compared to the group without fear of falling, the group with high fear of falling was 2.12 times (AOR: 2.12, 95% CI: 1.98-2.27). Additionally, a stronger association between fear of falling and social isolation was found in the group over 65 years of age compared to the group under 64 years of age. Meanwhile, as a result of a stratified analysis by whether or not there was regular exercise, it was found that fear of falling had a greater impact on social isolation in the group over 65 years old when they did not exercise regularly compared to the group under 64 years old. This study conducted a statistical analysis of the relationship between fear of falling and social isolation to suggest policy and institutional measures to reduce social isolation among the old age group. Since the proportion of the old age group with a fear of falling has been shown to be relatively high in Korean society, it is expected that social isolation can be prevented if policy and institutional measures are devel oped to provide regular exercise for the old age group.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.