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Dualism of Religious Image in Chagall's painting

  • Journal of History of Modern Art
  • 2006, (20), pp.6-6
  • Publisher : 현대미술사학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Art > Arts in general > Art History

Sook-Young Park 1

1이화여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Dualism of Religious Image in Chagall’s paintingChagall who was a believer of Hasidism in Judaism drew many pictures inspired by the Bible. His religious image includes dualism. He duplicated the image of Judaism with the image of Christianity within one picture. For example, presenting Jesus who is not accepted as a savior in Judaism story of Old Testament, construction of images such as a relationship between Jesus and Adam by the interpretation of the New Testament or showing a relationship between Isaac and Jesus. In other cases, he presented Jesus as a symbol of salvation for oppressed Jewish people or he covered the body of Jesus with a tallith creating ambiguous identity. These kinds of images are the expression based on the connection between the Old Testament and the New Testament according to the interpretation of the Christianity rather than treating Jesus as an offspring of Jewish or one of the historical characters in the Bible. This dualism of the religious image is originated from the detailed images of Judaism and Christianity, the unique fantasy and tradition of Jewish and individual’s daily life as well as from the unseen world that the intrinsic life of the artist. Therefore, his religious image is not trying to communicate the exact meaning of the Bible of an accurate theological interpretation to viewers rather it offers an opportunity to create one’s own interpretation by the viewer’s poetic imagination. Chagall’s religious images became private intrinsic and psychological image which have unlimited access toward new meanings by one’s imagination and the private experience to both the artist and the viewer.

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