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Against Bioethics? The Critical Practice in the Bio Art

Shin, Seung-Chol 1

1강릉원주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The bio art intervenes technically in the lives and bodies, and creates the variety of life forms and modes. Based on the biological practice, it does alter the ecology, and its bioethical ramifications become gradually concerned. However, the ethicists don’t think, that the bio artists respond to this ethical claims. Behind the tag of the arts and the popularization of the biotech, they sought only aestheticism, and had a fantasy that they were outsider to the dominant regime. The ethicist emphasizes the contribution of bio artist, mediating the biotech to broader public. This paper tries to show the ethical character of the bio art at this arraignment. Granting it to be true that the bio art tends to reduct life to an art, it contains the culture-critical import within itself. The body-experiment, which is based on the tissue engineering - for example by Stelarc, Orlan and Juia Reodica - would be ‘human-scientifically’ repulsive, but it explores de facto the critical possibility of tissue engineering in the culture of technoscience. They deconstruct the familiar definition of the body, and visualize, how to be altered the idea of the life in the exchange of bodily parts and organs. TC&A and Eduardo Kac try to constitute the continuity of life in the age of body-sharing. With the metaphor, spectrum of life, they visualize the intersection of the variety of life forms, so that the continuity of lives becomes persuasive. The radical practice of bio art refine the definition of human, body, and life, and thereby it tries to reorder them. It builds the network with the other discourses, and explores the critical possibility of biotechnology. In this context the bio art insists itself not as an object of ethics but an ethical practice perse.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.