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The Formation of Korean Feminism in the 1980s and Feminist Works by Kim In-soon through the Concept of Intersectionality: Redrawing Topographic Map of Korean Feminist Art History

  • Journal of History of Modern Art
  • 2020, (48), pp.67-102
  • DOI : 10.17057/kahoma.2020..48.003
  • Publisher : 현대미술사학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Art > Arts in general > Art History
  • Received : October 25, 2020
  • Accepted : December 6, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

Lee, Yeonjae 1

1서울시립미술관 수집연구과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is an attempt to re-read Kim In-soon’s feminist work in line with the formation of Korean women’s academia and the Korean women’s movement from the perspective of modern feminism, which focuses on women’s differences. In the 1990s, when Korean feminist art history was debated in earnest with post-structuralist theory as an art criticism methodology, the socio-political situation in Korea and the development of Korean feminism in the 1980s were ignored. As a result, the works of Kim In-soon and group works of The Women’s Division of The Korean People’s Artists Association were translated as part of the flow of People’s Art (Minjung Art) in Korea, lacking femininity and feminine aesthetics. The interpretation of the work of Kim In-soon, who longed for the reality of the double oppression of women to be corrected, as merely ‘female art as a part of Minjung Art’ obscures the feminist perception it contains and reduces it to agitative art lacking feminine aesthetics. We will be able to restore a sense of balance in our thinking while borrowing various and equal theories of feminism and redraw the map of Korean feminist art history in away that breaks with the alienation-dominant ideology. So, to adjust the gap between ‘the difference between women’ and ‘the common point of Korean women,’ I will reread Kim In-soon’s work as a way to reconcile the two sides. Rereading it in a way that intersects sex, class, and ethnicity reveals that Kim’s work is about the life of women and the perception of feminism of Korean women located in the historical context of Korea and socio-economic class.

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