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The Spatial Management of Yungyungdang Jinjak(演慶堂進爵) and its Significance in Korean Theatre History

Sa, Jean Sill 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In order to explain the proper condition of Korean theatre history and to support the design for the very Korean style theatre, in this article, the court tradition of theatrical culture and the spatial management of Yungyungdang Jinjak(演慶堂進爵, a kind of royal banquets). According to Jinjak-yigwe(進爵儀軌), a special banquet was held at Yungyungdang to celebrate the 40th birthday of Queen Soonwon(純元王后) in 1828. This banquet is famous for presentation of 19 new Jungjae(呈才) repertoires the Crown Prince Hyomyung(孝明) created. In Yungyungdang Jinjak, the concept of Ye-ak(禮樂, etiquette and music) was embodied like other royal banquets. But the ceremonial procedure was simplified so that the theatrical presentation was emphasized. The theatre space of Yungyungdang can be said to reform the tradition of temporary theatre in royal palace, because it fixed the seats for real audiences, not for attendance, and arranged some facilities belonging to stage. Also, various stage designs were discovered such as realistic stage set or very abstract stage set, etc. The Crown Prince Hyomyung, managing the administration as the representative of King Soonjo(純祖), tried to show the absolute royal authority through the splendid performances of Yungyungdang Jinjak, so as to overcome the political difficult situation. He took the lead in the construction of Yungyungdang, and concentrated his effort on creating lots of new Jungjae repertoires. The unifiable function of the Crown Prince Hyomyung is remarkable in the course of Yungyungdang Jinjak. He set up the sacred world for his father King Soonjo, distinct from the secular ordinary world, and emphasized his position of bridge between the two sides. He expressed filial duty through the devotion of performing arts to display the absolute royal authority. Yungyungdang was constructed as the royal theatre for the own purpose of presentation, which developed from the temporary theatre sharing the living spaces. Therefore, it has significance not only in the history of theatrical culture but also in the history of theatre architecture.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.