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A Critical Review of Korean Politics Before and After by Three Kim’s Politics: Political Effects and Distortions

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2019, 3(1), pp.5-38
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2019.3.1.001
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : February 9, 2019
  • Accepted : March 11, 2019
  • Published : March 31, 2019

Chung, Tae-il 1

1충북대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

After the democratization movement in 1987, korean politics was transformed into three kim’s politics by y Kim Yeong-sam, Kim Dae-jung and Kim Jong-pil. Before the time of three kim’s politics, korean politics lasted for one long term, but three kim’s politics made possible the peaceful regime change through political party integration and party coalition. The evaluation of three kim’s politics coexist both positive and negative. The Positive political effects are diversification of political party composition and stabilization of regime change. Three kim’s politics transformed the political party composition of Korea from a two-party system to a multi-party system, made possible a peaceful regime change through the unification of three parties and the DJP coalition. However, the negative political distortions of three kim’s politics are the shortening of political parties and the concentration of political ideology. In three kim’s politics, political party in Korea has a very short life due to the creation of political parties, the dissolution of political parties, the reorganization of political parties and the integration of political parties. Conservatism and progressive tendencies related three kim’s politics were stabilized through Yeongnam region and Honam region. Therefore, three kim’s politics means that the proportion of Korean politics is very high. Political effects and distortions derived from three kim’s politics have become a challenge for Korean politics to overcome.

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