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Populist Terrorist Activities and their Impact in Pakistan

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2020, 4(1), pp.257-280
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2020.4.1.009
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : December 3, 2019
  • Accepted : January 29, 2020
  • Published : February 28, 2020

Tu Bo 1 Bingfeng Fu 2 Yunsong Zhou 3 Daitong Liang 3

1신라대학교
2Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences
3Yunnan University

Candidate

ABSTRACT

In Pakistan, there are various types of populist organizations, among which some extreme populist organizations such as those in Baluchistan, Sindh, Gilgit and other regions have become extreme and taken on a certain terrorist nature because of Pakistan's history and politics as well as the long tradition of Pakistan's domestic terrorism. These extremist populist organizations have not only posed a threat to Pakistan's national security and development, but also hindered the strengthening of both China-Pakistan bilateral relations and the cooperation around the Belt and Road Initiative. The specific organizational structure of these extreme populist groups and the impact of their terrorist activities on both Pakistan and the rest of the world deserve attention in the academic community. By adopting a literature review approach, in this paper, Pakistan’s domestic populist organizations are sorted reasonably, the structure of extreme populist organizations is clarified accordingly, and the influence of their terrorist activities is noted emphatically. The conclusion drawn is that Pakistan’s domestic extreme populist groups have not only severely constrained Pakistan’s economic development and lowered the people’s living standards, but also hindered the strengthening of Pakistan’s diplomatic relations with neighboring countries, thus worsening Pakistan’s domestic political environment and impeding its integration into the trend of globalization.

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