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Chile’s Electoral Reform and Election Results 2017

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2020, 4(2), pp.81-112
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2020.4.2.003
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : February 23, 2020
  • Accepted : March 27, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Lim Su Jin 1

1대구가톨릭대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Chile's two-seat electoral system, designed by the military government of Pinochet, is a proportional representation system, but the distribution of seats is very unique. The election system, which was created to maintain the right wing's influence after democratization, has been criticized for its problems of non- democratization, non-proportionality, regional representation, and difficulty for minority parties to enter parliament. In 2014, the Michelle Bachelet government abolished the two-seat electoral system and introduced a new election law. It adjusted electoral districts, expanded the number of assembly members, and changed the way of allocation for assembly seats. As a result of the 2017 election, excessive representation in rural areas has been converted to excessive representation in urban areas, and the introduction of a multi-member district has led to a slight increase in minority parties' advance into parliament. Although the way of seat distribution resolved the non-democratization of the two-seat district system, it did not improve compared to the two-seat system in its imbalance.

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