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Analysis on “the Reports of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women” : Focused on the Employment-Welfare Articles of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Periodic Reports

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2020, 4(2), pp.261-308
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2020.4.2.010
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : February 1, 2020
  • Accepted : March 24, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Lee, Chul soo 1

1신한대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze and evaluate the employment welfare articles of the DPRK's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which was submitted by North Korea to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women on April 16, 2016. The main subjects of this analysis are the employment-related articles in ① North Korea's combined second, third, and fourth periodic reports on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, ② the Committee's list of issues, ③ North Korea's replies to the list of issues, and ④ the Committee's concluding observations. The study adopted qualitative research method to analyze the aforementioned documents. The findings of the study are as follows: First, with regard to legislation and employment support, North Korea received the largest number of comments and a number of recommendations from the Committee. Second, in terms of employment (rates), the DPRK was recommended by the Committee to ensure women's access to managerial positions. Third, as for wages and allowances, the Committee pointed out the absence of statistics on equal labor and equal pay for men and women, and recommended North Korea to review related laws and policies and to make statistics on equal pay regularly available. Fourth, in terms of labor protection, North Korea raised an issue of forced labor of North Korean women in the Committee's additional replies. However, the Committee did not make a direct recommendation on protecting the labor rights of female workers. Fifth, as for social security, the Committee recommended North Korea to guarantee the equal retirement age and equal pension benefits for men and women. However, since the issue of guaranteeing the retirement age had been already addressed, it was not a matter that the Committee could make a final recommendation on. Sixth, with regard to upbringing of children and maintaining the family unit, the committee made comments on these issues in the section of Stereotypes, rather than making a direct recommendation on them in the concluding observations. These issues are overlapped with North Korea's awareness and institutions sectors in the same manner as the issues of legislation and employment support that the Committee made detailed comments about.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.