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A Study on Critical Geographical Consideration of 'One belt, one road' : Overcoming Territoriality by Actors-Network Theory(ANT)’s Perspective

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2020, 4(2), pp.235-260
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2020.4.2.009
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : February 27, 2020
  • Accepted : April 1, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Kim Seyoon 1

1중국 길림사범대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

China which faced with "Thucydides Trap" and "Middle Incoming Trap" has presented "One belt, one road" strategy based on geopolitics to break through these. In response, the international community is expecting a newly added era, advancement, and reform as the cooperation space on traditional Silk Road is expanded and deepened, while others are concerned about the possibility of geopolitical tensions. This study looked at how "One belt, one road" emerged and changed in the context of changes in China's national external strategy, and analyzed based on the theories of traditional geopolitics, geoeconomics and critical geopolitics. Meanwhile, with regard to dichotomic perspective to "One belt, one road" due to the fundamental limitations of nationalism the territorialism of traditional geopolitics, take note of the desertionism and denationalism that have been emphasized by critical geopolitics, at the same time, it deals with the concept of actor-network theory (ANT) that has recently been studied in various areas as well as sociology. According to the Actor-Network Theory (ANT), which deals with interactions between humans and non-human (nature) actors, it suggests that ‘One belt, one road’ will evolve into 'One belt, one road version 3.0' that could be expanded to technical standards that will be interconnected 'in three dimensions' core technologies in the 4th Industrial Revolution era. This is expected to reduce the risk of geopolitical conflicts, while shifting 'One belt, one road' to an advanced platform for good-will competition to preempt high-tech hegemony and the rapid development of human technology in the era of the fourth industrial revolution.

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