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The Causal Relationship between the Collapse of the Berlin Wall and German Unification

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2020, 4(6), pp.145-180
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2020.4.6.006
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : November 15, 2020
  • Accepted : December 5, 2020
  • Published : December 30, 2020

Joo-Shin Chung 1

1한국정치사회연구소

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to establish the causal relationship that influenced the end of the East-West Berlin division in German reunification, especially the collapse of the Berlin Wall. A key factor to be discussed here is the fact that the collapse of the Berlin Wall has sparked German reunification. This process was followed by 'Division of East and West Germany→ Division of East Berlin→ Construction of the Berlin Wall→ Collapse of the Berlin Wall→ Unification of East and West Germany'. Anyway, before the collapse of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany brought several summits, but before the collapse of the Berlin Wall, only sharp confrontation was prevalent. However, just by looking at the progress of the summit after the collapse of the Berlin Wall, the collapse of the Berlin Wall played a significant role in the reunification of East and West Germany. Thus, the unification prospect of East and West Germans, especially East Germans, contributed the most to the collapse of the Berlin Wall. Eventually, the collapse of the Berlin Wall served as the basis for the creation of a united Germany through the tents and barbed-wire fences spread out over the territory in divided Germany and divided Berlin. In other words, German reunification was possible by the national reunification process of Germany, which united as a normal unification German and German.

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