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A Basic Analysis on the Welfare State discourse and the New State Model

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2021, 5(1), pp.183-214
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2021.5.1.007
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : December 31, 2020
  • Accepted : January 31, 2021
  • Published : February 25, 2021

Kim Jimin 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In Korea, since 2000, discussions and studies on the domestic welfare state are actively underway. Most of the research topics are about what the conditions are for Korea to become a welfare state and what its strategy is. However, many studies are already discussing Korea as a welfare state, or under the premise that its goal is to become a welfare state in Europe. In other words, it shows the conclusion that most of the studies, such as debates on the types and characteristics of welfare states, converge to European welfare states. However, can the European welfare state model be a reasonable alternative in Korea's many limited systems? Also, is it possible to apply Europe's welfare state model based on Korea's welfare philosophy and political system? raise a question called. This paper first explained the European welfare state model using Asping Anderson's “classification of welfare state types” and discussed the success factors of the welfare state in five ways. In addition, after comparing the political structures of Korea and Europe, the limitations of the welfare state that Korea aims for were examined, and the co-evolutionary state, ecological state, innovative state, well-off state, and knowledge state were suggested as new state models. In conclusion, this paper is a basic nature of thinking about whether welfare in Korea's frame is a perfect welfare system and presenting a new state model other than welfare state for the future development of Korea.

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