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The Effect of Multimodal Intervention on Quality of Life, Depression, and Cognitive Function in Elderly People With Dementia: A Pilot Study

이예진 1 이주현 1 김영조 1 yang 2 Ji-Hyuk Park 3

1연세대학교 대학원 작업치료학과
2위드알앤에이
3연세대학교 보건과학대학 작업치료학과

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ABSTRACT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of multimodal intervention, consisting ofphysical activities, cognitive training, and social interaction activities, on the quality of life, depression level, andcognitive function in elderly people with dementia. Methods : We used a single group pre- and post-test design. We executed a multimodal intervention for 10sessions The subjects included six elderly people with dementia who underwent eight 120 min. interventionsessions once a week. In the first and tenth sessions, the patients underwent pre- and post-tests. We usedGQOL, GDS-K, and MMSE-K as dependent measurements. Results : The GQOL score of the subjects was significantly increased (p<.05). The GDS-K scores decreased butnot significantly. The MMSE-K scores increased but not at a statistically significant rate (p>.05). There were nosignificant differences between mild dementia and moderate dementia in terms of the GQOL, GDS-K, andMMSE-K score variations (p>.05). Conclusion : Multimodal intervention is effective on the QoL of elderly people with dementia, and has positiveeffects on the depression level and cognitive function. Therefore, we provided evidence for occupational therapiststo provide professional and systemic intervention for elderly people with dementia.

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