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Development and Assessment of One-hand Propellable Manual Wheelchair for Hemiplegic Patients

Jemo Park 1 Baek Ji Young 2 Chung Hyunae 2 Jung, Hwa Shik 3

1씨티재활의학과 요양병원 재활센터 작업치료실
2동신대학교 작업치료학과
3동신대학교

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ABSTRACT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to analyze the usage problems of a standard manual wheelchair forhemiplegic clients and to develop a ‘one-handed propellable manual wheelchair’ and identifying its effectiveness. Methods : Thirty hemiplegic clients who were admitted into a rehabilitation and convalescent hospital in ametropolitan city participated as subjects. The research tools were standard manual wheelchairs commonly usedby people with an impaired gait and a one-handed propellable device equipped on a manual wheelchair developedfor this study to evaluate its effectiveness. Wheelchair Skill Tests (WST), drivability, convenience, difference, andacceptability were adopted as the evaluation tools. Results : The failure rate of all WST items was recorded for more than 96.7% of the participants who drove astandard manual wheelchair without using their feet. As compared to an existing wheelchair, the statistical resultsshowed a significant effect on the WST, drivability, convenience, difference, and acceptability for the participantswhen driving a manual wheelchair equipped with the developed device. Conclusion : These findings imply that the use of a one-handed propellable wheelchair can be an active andeffective solution to solve the problems for hemiplegic clients who are using existing manual wheelchairs. Therefore, the government should provide institutional support to develop and distribute this technology andpromote relative research, allowing the mobility and occupational performance of hemiplegic clients to increase.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.