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Deriving the Components of Lifestyle-Related Occupational Therapy Intervention Program for the Elderly: Through the Delphi Technique

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2020, 28(1), pp.45-67
  • DOI : 10.14519/kjot.2020.28.1.04
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics
  • Received : October 10, 2019
  • Accepted : December 4, 2019
  • Published : March 30, 2020

Shin, Yun-Chan 1 Park Da Sol 2 Cho, Eun-Hye 1 Won, Kyung-A 3 Han, Dae-Sung 4 Kim, Jung-Ran 5

1연세대학교 일반대학원 작업치료학과
2전주기전대학
3인천광역시 광역치매센터
4상지영서대학교 작업치료학과
5가톨릭관동대학교 휴먼서비스대학 치매전문재활학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective: To approach the comprehensive concept of lifestyle used for the elderly, the purpose of this study is toprovide baseline data that can be used to plan a lifestyle-related intervention program by deriving the variouscomponents. Methods: Delphi surveys were conducted three times from November to December 2018 by 12 expert panelsrelated to the community and the elderly. We analyzed previous studies on a lifestyle-related interventionprogram for the elderly, and in the first survey, opinions were gathered through the items reconstructed usingclosed-ended and open-ended questions for the components of a lifestyle-related intervention program. In thesecond and third surveys, we determined the fitness and importance of each component and derived thecomponents of a lifestyle-related intervention program for the elderly based on the results. Results: A total of 37 items were selected through an analysis of previous research, and some items were deletedor newly added from the first Delphi, with 51 items finally being selected. In the second survey, 50 componentswere selected as appropriate. In the final Delphi survey, 22 items were agreed upon as being appropriate, and theaverage content validity ratio for the final item was 0.77 and the stability was 0.20. Conclusions: The components of the lifestyle-related intervention program derived from this study can be used asa basis for planning and implementing effective lifestyle interventions in various clinical settings, includingcommunity settings.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.