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Investigating the Effectiveness of Intergenerational Programs in Reducing Ageism Toward Young People: A Systematic Review

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2020, 28(2), pp.114-155
  • DOI : 10.14519/kjot.2020.28.2.09
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics
  • Received : October 31, 2019
  • Accepted : March 20, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Katelyn Weinman 1 Levi McPherson 1 Ali Cobey 1 Kaitlin McWatters 1 Skai Woods 1 Loree Pryor 1 Claudia Hilton 1

1University of Texas Medical Branch

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Background: Ageism is recognized as a concern in the context of a rapidly aging population. Current literatureacknowledges the outcomes of ageism toward older adults, however there has been little focus on the reciprocaleffect toward young people. Programs geared at reducing ageism toward older adults show positive outcomes forboth generations. This review explored the importance of intergenerational relationships and assessed theeffectiveness of intergenerational programs on decreasing ageism toward young people. Method: A comprehensive database search was conducted to identify eligible studies published between 1989 and2019. To be considered for final inclusion, studies had to implement an intergenerational program with outcomemeasures specifically addressing older adults’ attitudes toward young people. Results: Of the 4,661 articles retrieved, 12 studies were included with 1,570 participants. The specific intergenerationalinterventions differed, but commonalities included extended contact, community-based activities, and mentorship. Eleven of the twelve articles yielded statistically significant effects in reducing ageism toward young people. Evaluation of program outcomes resulted in four themes. Conclusion: Moderate evidence supports the effectiveness of intergenerational programs on reducing ageismtoward young people. These results describe the literature and support the reciprocal effectiveness of theseprograms. Occupational therapists can be instrumental in promoting reduced ageism across the lifespan.

Citation status

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