본문 바로가기
  • Home

Analysis of Effects of Policy Networks on the Adoption and Diffusion of Policy Innovations-A Case of the Adoption of Electronic Toll Collection System-

김성제 1

1건설교통부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Electronic Toll Collection System (ETCS) have characteristics of distributive policy providing users with transport services. In spite of this, diffusion of ETCS adopted as a policy innovation in mid 1990s in Korea was delayed for a long time within the policy implementing body. This study looks into the reasons behind the delay. With the question raised thus, this study undertook to analyze the effects of policy networks on the adoption and diffusion of ETCS as an innovation. Factors affecting the adoption and diffusion of ETCS were identified as the policy environmental factor and the policy network factor and analyzed accordingly as follows: As for the policy environmental factor, firstly, perception by poiicy makers on the seriousness of congestion on expressways had positive effects on the adoption of ETCS, but dependency on foreign technologies ensuing from lack of domestic technologies had negative effects on the diffusion of ETCS. As for the policy network factor, secondly, conflicting opinions among major parties involved, namely Korea Highway Corporation and the Ministry of Information and Communications, as well as differing positions on communications standards and instability in the network structure had negative effects on the diffusion of ETCS. The results of this study imply that the most important factor in successful adoption and diffusion of an innovation is for the government to design an incentive system by fully analyzing the interests of all concerned policy network members. Another finding of this study is that technical standards policies need to be implemented flexibly with due consideration given to levels of current technologies and future development of the technologies.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.