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The Effect of Residential Site Development on Residents’ Social Capital : A Comparison between Neighborhood Social Capital and General Social Capital

Kim, Seung-Nam 1 Kun-Hyuck Ahn 1 KIM, JAE-HONG 2

1서울대학교
2울산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Social capital is created from the people’s everyday interactions occurred in urban spaces. Thus, sudden changes in social and physical environments such as large-scale residental site development affect formulation (or dissolution) of social capital. However, the relationship between residental site development and social capital may differ from the types of development and social capital. Against this backdrop, this paper examines the differentiated effects of residental site development on general social capital and neighborhood social capital using the data from Social Capital Survey in Korea. Main findings are as follows. Firstly, the longer duration in a region significantly increases both neighborhood trust and network, but it has little significant effects on general trust and network. Secondly, residential site developments have negative effects on neighborhood network and those effects decrease over time at least before 2000. However, it is surprising that residential site developments after 2000 have the positive effects on neighborhood network although it is statistically insignificant. The result may be derived from the changes of the types and process of urban regeneration as well as new town development taking into consideration social inclusion and neighborhood interactions since 2000s in Korea.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.