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Land Readjustment of Seoul and Tokyo Metropolitan Area in the 1960s and 1970s from the Perspective of the New Institutionalism: Its Implications on the International Transfer of Urban Planning System

Park Minkyu 1 Kang Myounggu 1 Sanghoon Jung 2

1서울시립대학교 도시공학과
2가천대학교 도시계획학과

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ABSTRACT

This study examines whether the planning system would function similarly when it is transferred across borders from the perspective of the new institutionalism. Specifically, the land readjustment, a widely-known method to transform urban land was empirically examined with relevant cases implemented in Seoul, South Korea and Saitama, Japan in the 1960s and 1970s. For this, informal and formal institutions of both cases as well as results of relevant projects examined. Although the concept and legal system for the land readjustment projects in the two cities were similar, considerable differences were found in their location, scale and physical form. Compared to South Korea, Japan’s land readjustment better reflected opinions of local government, local residents and landowners, and the relevant projects were smaller in scale and their locations were more scattered than those of Korea. Such differences are seemingly due to the differences in the informal institutional context in both countries. This study implies that the elements of informal institutions play a pivotal role in the international transfer of planning system and institution.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.