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Regional Innovation Effects of World Technopoles: Case Studies on the Korean Daedeok Science Park and the German Dortmund

Dong-Ho Shin 1

1한남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper attempts to analyse the processes and outcomes of making two major technolpoes: Daedeok Science Park, Korea and Dortmund, Germany. Applying “relational institutionalism”, it has developed an analytical framework. Based on this, the paper introduced and analysed the processes and performances of the two technopoles. It concludes that Daedeok Science Park has contributed to the national economic and scientific advancement prior to the 2000s; however, the technopole has been struggling with its identity, showing the lack of innovative activities. This is compared by the German Dortmund’s case, which demonstrates steady growth and dynamic innovative activities. In relational institutionalism perspective, Daedeok is considered to have overlaps of layers of institutions, such as the original Daedeok Research Complex, Daedeok R&D Special District and International Science Business Belt, while the processes of such institutionalisation have been regid, ad hoc, complicated and externally and politically motivated. This is compared by Dortmund’s case where various institutions of the technopole, such as TechnologieZentrum and Competence Centres, have been established by internal and socio-economic factors, making the technopole more dynamic and innovative.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.