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Posterior Hemivertebra Excision in Congenital Scoliosis

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2008, 15(1), pp.1-8
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery

안종국 1 Jinhyok Kim 1 Sung-Soo Kim 1 조범철 1 정락용 1 석세일 1

1인제대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Study Design: Retrospective study Objectives: To evaluate the surgical outcome of congenital scoliosis with a hemivertebra treated by posterior hemivertebra excision and pedicle screw instrumentation. Summary of Literature Review: Posterior hemivertebra excision can be accomplished through a single posterior approach, and excellent correction and outcome may be achieved. Materials and Methods: Forty patients with one fully segmented hemivertebra treated by posterior hemivertebra excision with pedicle screw instrumentation were retrospectively analyzed after a minimum follow-up of 2 years (range 2~7.7 years). The mean age at surgery was 15.9 years (range 2.6~37.9 years). Preoperative and postoperative standing radiographs were used to assess radiographic parameters. Results: The average number of vertebrae in the major curve was 4.2 (range 3~8), and the average flexibility was 29% (range 8~59%). The average length of fusion was 3.5 segments (range 1~6). The number of fused vertebrae had a positive correlation with age at the index surgery (r=0.345, p􀍻0.05). Mean preoperative scoliosis of 48±12。was corrected to a mean of 17±10。 (65% correction), and mean preoperative kyphosis of 46±18。was corrected to a mean of 12±12。at the most recent follow-up. The compensatory curve had a mean of 25±10。preoperatively and spontaneously corrected to a mean of 8±8。(70% correction) at the most recent follow-up. The mean operating time was 233±81 min, with an average blood loss of 2904 ml. There was neither crankshaft phenomenon nor iatrogenic spinal stenosis in 6 patients under the age of 5 years after an average follow- up of 6 years. Conclusions: Posterior hemivertebra excision using pedicle screw instrumentation in congenital scoliosis due to a hemivertebra is a safe and effective procedure. Posterior hemivertebra excision at an early age may reduce the fusion length while avoiding the induction of iatrogenic spinal stenosis during follow-up.

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