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Efficiency of Implant Removal for Treatment of the Thoraco-lumbar Unstable Fractures - Multi Segments Fixation ∙ Single Segment Fusion -

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2011, 18(3), pp.103-110
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery

박희전 1 심영준 1 김완기 1 조태연 1 권성민 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Study Design: A retrospective study. Objectives: To evaluate the safety and usefulness of implant removal based on fusion by radiological change analyses and non-fused segment motion angle after open reduction, multi-segment fixation, and single segment fusion. Summary of Literature Review: There have been reports that discuss possible fracture of fixator, loss of reduction, or failure of fixation in certain cases of single segment fixation consistent with thoracolumbar fracture. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 83 patients who had undergone treatment by fixation of the top 2 segments and the bottom segment. The posterolateral fusions were performed for the top segment for thoracolumbar fractures. The mean follow-up was 21.3months. Wedge and local kyphotic angles, anterior, and posterior heights of the vertebral body were measured on plain radiograph. The range of motion of each segment was recorded by flexion-extension lateral radiographs at 6 month after the removal of implants. Results: Radiologic assessments performed on 83 patients demonstrated preoperative mean wedge angle, kyphotic angle, mean anterior body height of 20.1°, 18.5° and 62.0%, respectively, and, postoperatively, these were corrected by 9.0°, 9.3° and 24.6%, respectively. In the 44 cases that had the implants removed, the correction losses were 0.4°(P=0.258) and 3.7°(P=0.000), 0.5 %( P=0.756), and at the last follow-up, compared to measurements prior to the removal. There was no statistical significance in wedge angle or anterior body height. The range of motion measured on the non-fused segment was 3.9°on average at 6-months after the hardware removal. Conclusions: The multi-segments fixation and single-segment fusion for the thoracolumbar fracture can preserve correction and the motion of non-fusion segment. Although the implant removal after union can sustain motion, further studies regarding degenerative change of the non-fused segment are necessary. Key Words: Thoracolumbar spine, Fracture, Pedicular screw, Implant Removal

Citation status

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