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Whiplash Injury

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2016, 23(1), pp.63-69
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery

Moon Soo Park 1 seong hwan moon ORD ID 2 Tae-Hwan Kim 3 JAE KEUN OH ORD ID 1 양명호 4

1한림대학교
2연세대학교
3한림대학교성심병원
4한림대학교 의과대학 정형외과학교실

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Study Design: Review of the literature. Objectives: To present an overview of current research on whiplash injury. Summary of Literature Review: There are controversies over the definition, symptoms, and treatment of whiplash injury. Materials and Methods: Review of the relevant literature. Results: Symptoms of whiplash injury caused by an acceleration-deceleration force may present as widespread pain involving the neck or trapezius muscles, the interscapular area, the shoulders and arms, or as suboccipital headaches. Accompanying symptoms may include neurologic symptoms such as sensory dysfunction, motor weakness, or deep tendon reflex loss; non-specific symptoms such as dysphagia, dizziness, visual disturbances, tinnitus, deafness, memory loss, or temporo-mandibular joint disorders; and psychological symptoms such as depression, acute stress syndrome, or fear avoidance. The most important factor that facilitates spontaneous resolution of whiplash injury, which is a self-limiting disorder, has been shown to be prevention of the acute-to-chronic pain transition. Yet in spite of this knowledge the efficacy of several treatment methods for whiplash injury remains controversial. Conclusions: The appropriateness of treatment for whiplash injury should be evaluated on the basis of up to date academic research on its diagnosis and natural history.

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