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Surgery for Spinal Deformities in Patients with Osteoporosis

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2020, 27(1), pp.31-37
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery
  • Received : February 27, 2020
  • Accepted : March 11, 2020
  • Published : March 31, 2020

Kim Sang-il ORD ID 1 Hyung-Youl Park 2 Woong-Ki Jeon 3 Kim Young Hoon ORD ID 1

1가톨릭대학교
2은평성모병원
3가톨릭 대학교 서울성모병원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Study Design: Review article. Objectives: This review aims to present relevant considerations for the surgical treatment of spinal deformities accompanied by osteoporosis, how surgeons are trying to overcome the challenges posed by osteoporosis in patients with spinal deformities, and directions of further development. Summary of literature Review: Various trials have been done to overcome the short- and long-term complications associated with osteoporosis in order to achieve successful clinical results in the surgical treatment of spinal deformities. Materials and Methods: Review of the relevant articles. Results: The surgical goal of treating spinal deformities is to reverse neurological compromise and to restore balanced spine alignment. To achieve these goals, several surgical considerations should be kept in mind. Osteoporosis is an important issue related to early and long-term complications following surgery. As ways of overcoming the challenges posed by osteoporosis, rigid fixation techniques, proper selection of the fusion level, perioperative medical treatment, and effective bone grafting materials are described herein; however, further development in these domains is also necessary. Conclusions: Osteoporosis may be a major obstacle in spinal deformity surgery. Although several effective attempts have been made to overcome these limitations, further research and trials are needed to obtain better results.

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