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Comparison of Disc Degeneration between the Cervical and Lumbar Spine

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2020, 27(2), pp.62-70
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery
  • Received : June 30, 2020
  • Accepted : June 30, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Moon Soo Park ORD ID 1 seong hwan moon ORD ID 2 Hyung Joon Kim 3 Jeong Hwan Lee 3 Tae-Hwan Kim 3 Jae Keun Oh 4 K. Daniel Riew 5

1한림대학교
2연세대학교
3한림대학교 의과대학 한림대학교성심병원 정형외과학교실
4한림대학교 한림대학교성심병원 신경외과학교실
5Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University, The Spine Hospital at NY-Presbyterian/Allen H

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Study Design: A retrospective radiologic study. Objectives: To compare disc degeneration between the cervical and lumbar spine and to elucidate the patterns of degeneration according to the corresponding disc levels in the cervical and lumbar spine. Summary of Literature Review: Disc degeneration results from the aging process in the spine. However, the incidence of disc degeneration in the cervical and lumbar spine might differ due to anatomical differences Materials and Methods: We randomly selected 280 patients by age and sex among 6,168 patients who underwent cervical or lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging combined with whole-spine T2 sagittal images from June 2006 to March 2012. We classified disc degeneration by the modified Matsumoto grading system and the Pfirrmann classification at 11 intervertebral disc levels from C2 to T1 and from L1 to S1. Results: There was no significant difference in disc degeneration between the cervical and lumbar spine in either grading system. No significant difference was found in the degree of disc degeneration between the lower two disc levels of the cervical spine and the lower two disc levels of the lumbar spine in either system (C5-C6, C6-C7, L4-L5, L5-S1). However, both grading systems showed more severe degeneration in upper two disc levels of the cervical spine than in the upper two disc levels of the lumbar spine (C2-C3, C3-C4, L1-L2, L2-L3). Conclusions: There was a significant difference in disc degeneration between the upper two disc levels of the cervical and lumbar spine. Adjacent segmental degeneration after fusion surgery might reflect the natural history of the condition, not adjacent segmental problems.

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