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Analysis of Risk Factors for COPD Incidence in Adults Over 40 Years of Age in Korea

  • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Phys Med
  • 2024, 19(1), pp.23-30
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Physical Therapy > Other physical therapy
  • Received : November 27, 2023
  • Accepted : December 22, 2023
  • Published : February 28, 2024

Lee Do-Youn 1

1대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and risk factors for diseases in adults over 40 years of age in Korea, and to provide basic data for the prevention of COPD incidence through management. METHODS: Based on the 2019 data of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), 1,788 adults over the age of 40 who participated in pulmonary function test and health survey were selected as subjects. COPD incidence risk factors were analyzed using complex sample multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: As a result of the analysis, the incidence of COPD in Korea was 11.5%, and the risk of developing COPD was higher in men, age, and current smokers. Compared to women, men had an increased risk of developing COPD by 2.369 times (95% CI 1.289-4.355). In age, the risk of COPD incidence increased by 3.702-fold (95% CI 1.923-7.124) in their 50s, 11.238-fold (95% CI 6.009-21.017) in their 60s, and 28.320-fold (95% CI 14.328-55.977) in their 70s compared to those in their 40s. In the smoking state, 2.302 times (95% CI 1.373-3.860) of past smokers and 4.542 times (95% CI 2.694-7.658) of current smokers were found to have a higher risk of developing COPD than non-smokers. CONCLUSION: To reduce the incidence of COPD, interventions are required to prevent disease development through lifestyle and smoking cessation education in subjects with COPD risk factors.

Citation status

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