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A Factor Analysis of the Impediments to End-Stage Medical Decision-Making as Perceived by Nurses and Physicians in South Korea

JO Kaehwa 1 An, Gyeong Ju ORD ID 2 김균무 ORD ID 3

1대구가톨릭대학교
2청주대학교
3고신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study was designed to identify the impediment factors for end-stage medical decisionmaking as perceived by nurses and physicians in Korea. Method: The subjects in this descriptive exploratory study were 82 nurses and 61 physicians working in university hospitals in the Korean cities of Daegu and Busan. Principal component analysis was implemented in the exploratory factor analysis study, where the eigen value 1 was used for the basis of factor extractor and Varimax rotation was used to divide the factors. The data were analyzed by a SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. Result: The analysis of the impediment factors for end-stage medical decision-making revealed 15 statements and 5 categorized factors: legal compliance, prescriptive health professionals, interpersonal preparation, hospital systems, and ethical belief. These factors explained 66.84% of the total variance. Legal compliance was requested excessive roles and responsibilities of healthcare providers. Prescriptive health professionals were indicated reflection of paternalistic decision making type. Interpersonal preparation was claimed for readiness toward appropriate medical decision making issues among patient,families and healthcare providers. Hospital systems were showed inappropriate management of hospice palliative wards. Ethical belief was determined as an impediment factors for end stage medical decision making. Conclusion: We divided impediment factors for appropriate end stage medical decision-making into 5 separate categories. There is a need for a formation of a decision making system that includes the patient - health professional - family which is based on promoting the free choice of the patient while providing an atmosphere of open communication between health professionals which will facilitate the decision making process. The results of this study may contribute to the development of a new endstage decision-making system that is appropriate for medical care in Korea.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.