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Research on the Speaker's Politeness Morpheme "-sab-" Used in the Contemporary Korean Historical Drama Scenario

  • The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea
  • Abbr : 사회언어학
  • 2008, 16(2), pp.193-216
  • Publisher : The Sociolinguistic Society Of Korea
  • Research Area : Humanities > Linguistics

Nam Mi-Hye 1

1서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate how the morpheme "-sab-" is used in the contemporary Korean historical drama scenario. Since the "-sab-" is always used with a word(s) showing the meaning of politeness, its function is to express speaker's politeness. Especially, the politeness word is optionally used with the morpheme "-sab-" but the "-sab-" is always required to use with the politeness word. A grammatical principle to express the politeness is generally related to the speaker's intention. Although the "-sab-" does not exist in the sentence presenting the politeness, the sentence does not have any problem with the grammaticality. The "-sab-" is limitedly used in the addressee- honorifics scale. In the scale, the "-sab-" can be combined with 'ha-so-seo'(old polite level form), 'hap-syo'(new polite level form) and 'hae-yo' (semi-polite level form). This means that the addressee is not respected by the speaker as much as the speaker is supposed to express the politeness. The morpheme "-sab-" is used in forms of regular combination "-sa-ob-/-sa-o-" and "-ob-/-o-" which are phonologically conditioned allomorphs. Sometimes, the "-sab-" is also used in a irregular combination form, which seems to be historically fixed. (188)

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