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A Study on the Morphological Diagrgmmings of Four Constitutiens

  • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
  • Abbr : J Sasang Constitut Med
  • 1992, 4(1), pp.107-148
  • Publisher : The Society Of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Korean Medicine
  • Received : October 7, 1992
  • Accepted : October 7, 1992
  • Published : October 7, 1992

Huh Man-hoi 1 Jeong-Mo Song 1 Dal Rae Kim 1 Koh Byung-Hee 1

1경희대학교 한의과대학 사상의학교실

ABSTRACT

The definitions of Four Constitution (Tae-Yang-In, So-Yang-In, Tae-Eum-In, So-Eum-In) in Four-Beginning-Theory (四端論) and Distribution-Theory (擴充論) were morphologically diagrammatized. the method of measuring the five parts came from the diagrams. The five parts are the followings; Top-Line is the distance between Rt. & Lt.Shoulders. Bosom-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the Rt. & Lt.nipples. Stomach-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the Rt. & Lt. acupuncture point Bool-Yong (不容穴). Navel-Line is the horizontal distance passing through the navel. Bottom-Line is the distance between the Rt.& Lt. anterior superior iliac spines. According to it, 311 people were measured in the clinic. Through the measured numerical values, to find out the objective propriety of the morphological diagrammings and the discriminating ability of Four Constitutions by the method of measuring the five, the author tried this study and got the following results. 1. On the ground of the Internal Organs-Theory (臟腑論), the definitions of Four Constitutions were classified and diagrammatized step by step and it was possible to draw the morphological graphs satisfying the reasonable condition objectively. 2. It was found that the graphings by Mean, Standard Deviation and 95% Confidence Interval for mean of the numerical values of five measured parts and the morphological diagrammings of the definitions in Four-Beginning Theory and Distribution-Theory drove to the same figures. 3. Through the method of the Analysis of variance and the Discriminant Analysis, it was discovered that the measured numerical values of five parts could distinguish the Four Constitutions. 4. Tae-Yang-In has the longest Top-Line and the shortest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Top to Bottom is downwardly decreased at the rate of 3.7, 1.5, 1.8, 3.4. 5. So-Yang-In has the longest Top-Line and the shortest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of confidence Interval from Top to Bottom is downwardly decreased at the rate of 2.3, 1.5, 1.5, 1.1. 6. Tae-Eum-In has the longest Navel-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Navel to Top is upwardly decreased at the rate of 0.5, 0.4, 2.5 and downwardly decreased at the rate of 2.7 between Navel and Bottom. 7. So-Eum-In has the longest Bottom-Line. The Mean head of Confidence Interval from Bottom to Top is upwardly decreased at the rate of 1.1, 1.1, 1.8, 2.3. From the above findings, it was possible to draw the morphological graphings satisfying the objectively reasonable conditions in the definitions of Four-Beginning-Theory and Distribution-Theory and it was proved that the results of the Positive Analysis, carried with the measured numerical values of five parts from the diagramming, could show the objective propriety of the morphological graphings and the discerning ability of Four Constitutions by the method of measuring the five parts.

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