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A Study on the Standardization of QSCCII (Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification II)

  • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
  • Abbr : J Sasang Constitut Med
  • 1996, 8(1), pp.187-246
  • Publisher : The Society Of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Korean Medicine
  • Received : August 31, 1996
  • Accepted : August 31, 1996
  • Published : August 31, 1996

Kim Seon-ho 1 Koh Byung-Hee 2 Song Il Byoung 3

1경희대학교 한의과대학 사상의학교실
2경희대학교 한의과대학 사상체질과
3경희대학교

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to evaluate and standardize the four scales of Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution ClassificationII (QSCCII). QSCCII is newly prepared by statistical item analysis and is designed to examine its diagnostic discriminability. QSCCII is administered to 1366 random informants. From the survey, we could get the data for the standardization. The criteria of standardization are based on the data from 265 informants who are examined by professionals. Collected data are analyzed by internal consistency, variation analysis(ANOVA), Duncan test and discrimination analysis of SPSS PC+ V4.0 program. The results are as follows 1) The reliability of four scales for QSCCII is relatively valid. The internal consistency of Tae-yang(太陽) scale is Cronbach's α = 0.5708 . That of So-yang(少陽) scale is α = 0.5708 . That of Tae-eum(太陰) scale is α = 0.5922 . That of So-eum(少陰) scale is α = 0.6319 . 2) There is a significant difference between each group through variation analysis of four scales. 3) The process of standardization is based on the average value and standard deviation with respect to age and sex difference of each criteria. 4) This study suggests a source of standardization of Sasang Constitution Classification by providing norms in which the differences of age, sex, and number of items are taken into deep consideration. QSCCII, therefore, can be applied to every age(the 10's to the 60's) and sex groups. 5) The recalculation of the raw-score to standard value (T-score) shows that the diagnostic discriminability (Hit-ratio : 70.08%) of QSCCII brings about 37% improvement than proportional chance criteria(33.33%). Especially, Hit-ratios of Tae-eum In(74.5%) and So-eum In(70.8%) are higher than that of So-yang In(60.0%). 6) QSCC has discriminability only to male informants. Compared with QSCC, however, QSCCII has relatively efficient discriminability both to male and female informants. 7) These results would be a demonstration of the fact that the QSCCII could be used as a tool for sasang constitution classification.

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