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Fibrous and granular activated carbon mixed media for effective gas removal as a cabin air filter

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2022, 32(4), pp.1111-1118
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-022-00345-7
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : January 24, 2022
  • Accepted : April 11, 2022
  • Published : June 1, 2022

Wee Jae hyung 1 Bae Younghwan 1 Ahn Hyunchul 1 Choi Yeong Og 2 Jeong Eui gyung 3 Yeo Sang Young 1

1한국생산기술연구원
2Ahn Hyunchul
3경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

There is a need for the purification of indoor air owing to a high rate of pollution in today’s world. For this, cabin air filters (CAFs) are widely used, which requires the addition of certain adsorbents to increase the volatile organic compound (VOC) removal efficiency. However, this addition causes high-pressure resistance, which may hamper commercial applications by requiring more energy and negatively affecting fresh air delivery rate. Hence, in this study, a high-performance combined CAF (CCAF) with excellent dust and chemical filtration performance and low differential pressure was prepared using granular activated carbon (GAC)/activated carbon fiber (ACF) mixed medium. The GAC/ACF mixed medium had higher air permeability than the ACF medium of the same weight, and it exhibited similar ultrafine dust filtration performance to the ACF medium without an increase in differential pressure. In addition, the GAC/ACF mixed medium showed excellent gas removal performance without increasing differential pressure by combining the VOC removal characteristics of the GAC and ACF filter media. The improved VOC removal performance of the GAC/ACF mixed medium was due to the hybrid effect of the hierarchical pore structures of the GAC and the nearly uniform pore structures of the ACF, which resulted in a slow and increased gas adsorption by the GAC and rapid gas adsorption of the ACF.

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