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Recent advances of Na3V2(PO4)3 as cathode for rechargeable zinc-based batteries

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2023, 33(4), pp.989-1012
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-023-00500-8
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : December 16, 2022
  • Accepted : March 17, 2023
  • Published : June 1, 2023

Ding Kunpeng 1 Jiang Tian 1 Peng Jian 1 Wang Peng 1 Gou Wenshan 1 Xu Qingyu 1 Fan Qi 1 Wang Wei 2 Sun Yueming 1

1Southeast University
2Nanjing Tech University

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Rechargeable zinc-based batteries (RZBs) with the advantages of high safety, low cost, abundant resources and environmental friendliness, are considered as advanced secondary battery systems that can be applied to large-scale energy storage. As an important cathode material for RZBs, NASICON-type Na3V2(PO4)3 (NVP) possesses three-dimensional and large-scale ion channels that facilitate the rapid diffusion of Zn2+, and has a higher average operating voltage compared with other vanadium-based compounds, thus exhibiting the possibility of realizing RZBs with high energy density. However, NVP still has some problems, such as poor electronic conductivity and spontaneous dissolution in aqueous solution. The sluggish kinetics of Zn2+ (de)intercalation in NVP and dendritic growth on the Zn anode also contribute to the poor rate performance and short cycle life of the batteries. In this review, optimization strategies for the electrochemical performance of RZBs with NVP as cathode are systematically elaborated, including modification of NVP cathode and optimization of electrolyte. Several mainstream energy storage mechanisms and analysis methods in this battery system are sorted out and summarized. On this basis, the development direction of NVP–RZB system is further prospected.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.