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Mild purification of multiwalled carbon nanotubes with increased selectivity for carbon impurity and residual metal removal

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(1), pp.407-420
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-023-00667-0
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : October 11, 2023
  • Accepted : November 29, 2023
  • Published : February 1, 2024

Chen Erdong 1 Liu Qiang 2 Wu Pan 1 He Jian 1 Liu Changjun 1 Jiang Wei 1

1Sichuan University
2Research Institute of Tianfu New Energy, Chengdu,People’s Republic of China

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, the refinement of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) derived from chemical vapor decomposition is investigated. An ultrasonic pretreatment method is employed to disentangle carbon and metal impurities intertwined with MWCNTs. The pretreated MWCNTs exhibit a marginal decrease in C–O/C = O content from 8.9 to 8.8%, accompanied by a 2.5% increase in sp3 carbon content, indicating a mildly destructive pretreatment approach. Subsequently, selective oxidation by CO2 and hydrochloric acid etching are utilized to selectively remove carbon impurities and residual metal, respectively. The resulting yield of intact MWCNTs is approximately 85.65 wt.%, signifying a 19.91% enhancement in the one-way yield of pristine MWCNTs. Notably, the residual metal content experiences a substantial reduction from 9.95 ± 2.42 wt.% to 1.34 ± 0.06 wt.%, representing a 15.68% increase in the removal rate. These compelling findings highlight the potential of employing a mild purification process for MWCNTs production, demonstrating promising application prospects.

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