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Customized carbon composite nanomaterials for the mitigation of emerging contaminants: a review of recent trends

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(4), pp.1091-1114
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-024-00715-3
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : August 10, 2023
  • Accepted : March 9, 2024
  • Published : June 14, 2024

Balakumar S. 1 Mahesh N. 1 Kamaraj M. 2 Saranya T. 3 Babu P. Suresh 4 Aravind J. 4 Kim Woong 5 Govarthanan M. 6

1Department of Chemistry and Biosciences, Srinivasa Ramanujan Centre, SASTRA (Deemed to Be University)
2Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology
3Department of Biotechnology, Rathinam Technical Campus
4Department of Biotechnology, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (SIMATS)
5경북대학교 환경공학과
6Saveetha University

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The most significant threat to the ecosystem is emerging pollutants, which are becoming worse each year and harming the planet severely and permanently. Many organic and inorganic contaminants are present and persistent due to various world events and population growth. As a result, there is a greater need for new technology and its application to address the problems caused by developing pollutants. Carbon composite nanomaterials have significant potential in the fight against numerous environmental contaminants due to their distinctive attributes. This review discusses the reports of customized carbon composite nanomaterials to meet the need for specific elimination of emerging contaminants. Physical and chemical features such as high surface area, conductivity (thermal and electrical), and vibroelectronic properties, size, shape, porosity, and composite nature are making these tailored materials of carbon-based nanomaterials an emerging and sustainable tool to remove persistent compounds like emerging contaminants in aqueous solution. Different composite materials are well discussed in this review, along with their adsorption efficiency of diverse emerging contaminants, including Bisphenol A, estradiol, metformin, etc. This review provides insight into the recent trends limited to 2017–2023. The limitations of carbon-based nanomaterials, such as regeneration and cost-effectiveness, have also been overcome in recent years by diverse modifications in the production process, which can be further improved to make these materials well suited for an extended group of emerging contaminants.

Citation status

Scopus Citation Counts (2) This is the result of checking the information with the same ISSN, publication year, volume, and start page between articles in KCI and the SCOPUS journals. (as of 2024-07-01)

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