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The sulfur–nitrogen co-doped porous carbon material derived from biomass was employed as the anode of a lithium–sulfur battery

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(5), pp.1385-1398
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-024-00697-2
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : October 25, 2023
  • Accepted : January 29, 2024
  • Published : June 14, 2024

Wang Xiaobin 1 Niu Miaosen 1 Gao Chengwu 1 Li Yu 1 Li Tao 1 Ren Baozeng 1

1Zhengzhou University

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The raw material selected for this research was Brazil chestnut shells (BCs), which were utilized to gain porous carbon as a positive electrode for lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs). The effects of N/S co-doped on the electrochemical properties of porous carbon materials were studied using thiourea as nitrogen and sulfur sources. The experimental results indicate that the N/S co-doped carbon materials have a higher mesopore ratio than the undoped porous carbon materials. The porous carbon material NSPC-2 has a lotus-like structure with uniform pore distribution. The N and S doping contents are 2.5% and 5.4%. The prepared N/S co-doped porous carbon materials were combined with S, respectively, and three kinds of sulfur carbon composites were obtained. Among them, the composite NSPC-2/S can achieve the initial specific discharge capacity of 1018.6 mAh g−1 at 0.2 C rate. At 1 C rate, the initial discharge capacity of the material is 730.6 mAh g−1, and the coulomb efficiency is 98.6% and the capacity retention rate is 71.5% after 400 charge–discharge cycles.

Citation status

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