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Formation of Myuncheoneupchi and Myuncheon's Local Gentry during the Choson Dynasty

  • 중앙사론
  • 2010, (32), pp.5-47
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Published : December 1, 2010

Kyungsoo Kim 1

1청운대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Myuncheon, which is located in Dangjin, Chungnam, was the important place for the politics, economy and defence of the local area, the pathway to go to the capital city, and the key place for the land transportation to connect the area with the outside world until the reorganization of administrative districts in 1914. For the native clans, the organization of the clans showed little change, which reveals that the clans took the leadership in the area and on the other hand few new family clans and powerful clans moved into the area. The successful applicants of the licentiate examination(Samasi) centered on the specific family clans and the family clans with particular genealogy; the area consisted of the native clans, such as the Myuncheon Bok family, the Myuncheon Park family, Shinpyeong Lee family, and the family clans that produced successful applicants of the Samasi and became powerful, such as the Jeonju Lee family, Duksu Lee family, Yangcheon Choi family. Both native and growing clans formed the local gentry through the mutual control and compromise. The successful applicants of the Samasi started to emerge in Myuncheon at the late period of the Choson Dynasty, which demonstrates that it was not until at the late period of the Choson Dynasty that the family clans which moved into the area since the middle period of the Choson Dynasty settled in the area. During the opening of ports to foreign trade and the Japanese colonial period of Korea, there were some family clans, such as the Andong Kwon family, the Neungsung Gu family, the Buan Kim family and the Hampyeong Jeong family who did not produce the successful applicants of the Samasi but gained some influence in this area; on the contrary, the Yangcheon Heo which had the successful applicants of the national examination(Kwageo) lost influence. It shows that after the colonial period, the former family clans gained power after moving into the area while the latter moved out of the area or declined.

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