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The State Administration of the NGOs in Contemporary China

  • 중앙사론
  • 2012, (35), pp.31-64
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Ahn Chi-Young 1

1인천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

After the reform, the planned economy was replaced with the market economy in China and a lot of various non-governmental organizations (NGOs) including the association(社團), the private non-enterprise units and the foundations were constructed. Therefore, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and government has formed the administration system for the NGOs through the institutionalization and legislation. In the early reform years, the NGOs' administration system maintained the pre-reform socialist ways. However, after 1988, there have been the gradual institutionalization and legislation of the NGOs' administration system together with the formation of the NGOs' unific registration management system under control of the State Council and the Ministry of Civil Affairs. It might be seen as the retreat of the party and the strengthening of the State Council and the Ministry of Civil Affairs. But it was just the reassignment of the responsibility between the CCP and the State Council and not the change of the party being in charge of the society. The State Council and the Ministry of Civil Affairs are in charge of the administrative management of the NGO, but the principle and policy for the NGO administration is been determined by the CCP and the leadership of the CCP has unchanged. The CCP recognize the inevitableness of the NGO's growth and realize it as the bridge between the party and the mass. But at the same time the CCP suspect them as the soil of the anti-China and anti-communist party which may conspire with the hostile force of the external (west) to threaten the legitimacy of the CCP. So, the CCP and the Chinese government take strict control and restriction on the NGOs by ways of formatting the administrative control system on the one hand, and constructing party branches in the NGOs on the other hand. But according to the 2009 official statistics, the CCP branches have been constructed just a half in the local NGOs. More severe, the party and state have no means to manage the presumably more than 3million grass root NGOs. This shows the adaptation and limit of the party-state to the changing Chinese society.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.