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The Sale of Chinese Eastern Railway and Sino-Japan-Soviet Diplomatic Relations

  • 중앙사론
  • 2013, (37), pp.279-311
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim Ji Hwan 1

1인천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In 1935, the Soviet Union sold and transferred Chinese Eastern Railway to Manchukuo nominally and to Japan substantially. The sale of Chinese Eastern Railway had very important significance in a change of the power dynamics in China, the Soviet Union, Japan, and Manchukuo. The sale of Chinese Eastern Railway was finally possible by which the non-economic privilege of being possessed by railway was disappeared through Sino-Soviet Agreement. Through Karakhan Manifesto, the Soviet Union gave up all the non-economic privileges. In the wake of this, the Chinese Eastern Railway was largely curtailed its character as a purely transportation and commerce organization. From Japan's position, this was judged to come to have very important significance with surrounding the approval issue of Manchukuo if the Soviet Union, which is the party directly involved with facing the border with Manchukuo, meets with the selling negotiation of Chinese Eastern Railway with Manchukuo, in a situation that powers such as League of Nations didn't approve Manchukuo legally. Based on this judgment, Japan came to nominate Manchukuo as the counterpart of negotiation with the Soviet Union. Even the Soviet Union came to judge that it can ultimately remove the origin of a dispute between Japan and the Soviet Union, which is caused by railway, given coming to sell the Chinese Eastern Railway, which had been a key problem between Japan and the Soviet Union, to Manchukuo. In this way, Japan and the Soviet Union can be considered to have pointed to easing tension in the Manchurian region and avoiding political and military collision by having leverage as a sale of Chinese Eastern Railway.

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* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.