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A Study on the Art Historical Tradition of the Zhe School : Focused on DaiJin(戴進)’s Painting

  • 중앙사론
  • 2014, (39), pp.185-215
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim Yeon-Joo 1 Park Myung Sun 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The Zhe School (浙派) was a school of painters in the Ming dynasty and DaiJin(戴進, 1388-1462)was considered as a founder. The ‘Zhe’ means DaiJin's home province–Zhejiang(浙江) in which his hometown was Qiantang(錢塘, modern Hangzhou), the Southern Song capital. DaiJin had learned and compiled the virtues of traditional painting styles and masters from the Northern and the Southern Song till Yuan Dynasties regionally and chronologically, and then he created his own style and passed down it to his successors. First, in an aspect of his composition, his landscape paintings had resembled the Ma-Xia (Ma Yuan 馬遠, Xia Gui 夏珪) academic painting style of the Southern Song, with which it emphasized on a oblique line, but were felt not subtle sensitivities like the Southern Song’s court artworks but were expressed with sensations of grandeur like artworks of the Li-Kuo School (Li Cheng 李成 and Guo Xi 郭熙) in the Northern Song as adapted in the Yuan dynasty. Second, in the usage of brush and Chinese ink, his paintings marked the sensation of speed and rough by "axe-cut" texture strokes according to Southern Song court landscapes, and then he created his own unique paintings with diverse brushstrokes and the usage of the free and strong black-and-white color contrast ink as well as moist ink. Third, in the part of style he followed the literati painting and expressed its stage which has been stressed since Song and Yuan Dynasties even though DaiJin was considered as a professional artist. His surviving paintings has been showed his various and broad studies about his heritage historically and regionally. He had combined lyricism and vivid energy in his works. DaiJin came to have an enormous influence at his life time. However, over 100 years after DaiJin’s death, ‘Zhe School’ as a part of Northern School was used by refering in opposition to the Wu School which was a kind of Southern School and led by the literary artist, ShenZhou(沈周, 1427-1509). Moreover, the later critics and criticism had left disparaging remarks that DaiJin and Zhe School were professional school and were not worthy studying because of a lunatic attitude and sly learning, and then DaiJin has been forgotten steadily even though his enormous influence on painting.

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