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Two ‘China’ image narrated by two historical textbooks about the late Qing Dynasty: Ben Chao Shi Jiang Yi by Wāng Róng Bǎo and Guo Xue Jiang lun Cong Shu by LiúShīPéi

  • 중앙사론
  • 2017, (46), pp.327-359
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Au Chi Kin 1

1香港樹仁大學 歷史系

Accredited

ABSTRACT

After the establishment of the Huaxia culture by the Xia, Shang, and Zhou Dynasties, the Qin dynasty became unified. Since the Han dynasty honored Confucianism, it was also consolidated with the Huaxia culture, in which Han Confucianism became an orthodox view during the Song Dynasty. Most intellectual elites thought of non-Han people as different, only including them within Chinese culture when these people adopted Huaxia culture or Confucianism. These people, formally considered ‘barbarians,’ are now became Chinese. During the Revolution of 1911 (1903–1911), the Han advocated for their distinction from Manchurians based on blood ties and culture. Even Manchurian is discerned by using of Western civil rights, freedom and democracy. A "national image" by the establishment of a pluralistic nationality in the Manchu official language appears in the official nationwide edition, namely Ben Chao Shi Jiang Yi (The Handouts of This Dynasty History), which constructing a national image of a unified country in the development of the modern nation state formed by a pluralistic ethnic group in China. In contrast, a folk textbook, Guo Xue Jiang lun Cong Shu (Chinese History Textbook), which advocating revolutionary theory and rejection of Manchurian, narrated a "nation-state image" dominated by a single Han ethics. Therefore, this article explores how history textbooks constructed national and ethnic perspectives of China by comparing Ben Chao Shi Jiang Yi by Wāng Róng Bǎo and Guo Xue Jiang lun Cong Shu by LiúShīPéi.

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