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Dijon and Talant : the enlargement of burgundy seigneurie

  • 중앙사론
  • 2018, (48), pp.101-131
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : November 30, 2018
  • Accepted : December 12, 2018
  • Published : December 31, 2018

Jeong-Min Lee 1

1경상대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

It is said that the rapid development of seigneurie, based on the vigorous commerce, current money and energetic cities in Burgundy and Franch comté, was seen in the 12th and the 13th centuries. Being located on the point where the path from Burgundy and Franch comté to Paris and that to Metz intersected, Dijon was the capital of Burgundy as well as the developed city in the middle ages. Especially, Hugues III, the duc of Bourgogne and Eude III, his elder son, were obliged to meet the defiance by their vassals, like the wars of Vergy, and the political competition with Philip II, the king of France having a problem of reestablishment of feudal hierarchy. Also, the ducs of burgundy, Hugues III and Eude III, tried to fortify their feudal and political hierarchy through the wars of Vergy, the crusades and Battle of Bouvines. In addition, they made their economical and social foundation by the charters of commune of Dijon, the marriage with Alix of Vergy, the daughter of Hugh, Lord of Vergy and so on. Certainly, it was indispensable tactics for these burgundy ducs to enlarge their seigneuries in their times. Above all, to make their seigneuries strong, it came from the main power that they have exploited the customary rights of trades, markets, tolls etc. We observe the ducs of burgundy, Hugues III and Eude III, who made Dijon and Talant the foothold for the enlargement of their seigneuries under the political and social conflicts surrounding Burgundy in the 12th and 13th centuries. Subsequently, we see the burgundy customary right of sales and distribution of wines, so called, banvin, and that of passage through the paths, the rivers, the bridges etc, so called, péage, in the 12th and the 13th centuries.

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