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Studies on the pro-Japanese movement of Fan Han-sheng of consul-general of Seoul and Overseas Chinese Society in Korea during the Second Sino-Japanese War

  • 중앙사론
  • 2018, (48), pp.171-222
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History
  • Received : December 9, 2018
  • Accepted : December 24, 2018
  • Published : December 31, 2018

YI JUNG HEE 1

1인천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to analyse pro-Japanese movement’s cause of Fan Han-sheng of consul-general of Seoul during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Fan Han-sheng visited the Japanese Government-General to expressed his will to participate in the Provisional Government of the Republic of China on December 17. After he proclaimed, he visited Beijing to obtain their approval to become a new government’s consul-general at Seoul from Wang Ke-min and Japanese Northern China Army. In spite of officers’ resist of Chinese Consulate General at Seoul, he forced to switch party flag and emblem of the Kuomintang to Five colored-Flags of new government with the assistance of Japanese military police headquarters in Korea. On December 29, after having successfully raised the Five-colored Flag, he ordered each consulate to raise the flag. Therefore, by January 4, 1938, all consulates raised the Five-colored Flag, in effect closing down all offices of Chiang Kai-shek’s National Government. When the raising of the Five-colored Flag was complete, he forced all the Chinese Chamber of Commerce around the nation to voice support for the provisional government, and beginning with Chinese Chamber of commerce in Seoul and Incheon, all of them are recorded as having announced their support be the end of January 1938. On February 3, 1938, He called a meeting of representatives of overseas Chinese organizations, summoning 22 heads of Chinese Chamber of Commerce from around the country, and organized the Federation of Chinese Chamber of Commerce Association in colonial Korea, the help realize the provisional government’s credo of ‘peace and anti-communism’. On the same day, he also held newly assigned consuls’ meeting. There are three factors in his turning to provisional government from Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist government. Firstly, he was opposed to Chiang Kai-shek’s anti-Japanese policy and procommunism. Secondly, he was willing to help their consuls and overseas Chinese in Korea. Thirdly, he made a judgement that he and his families’s life were not able to be guaranteed by Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalist government.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.