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A Study on Some Types of Separable Syntactic Atoms in Korean

Lee, Hoseung 1

1충북대학교

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ABSTRACT

A Study on Some Types of Separable Syntactic Atomsin KoreanLee, Ho-SeungThis paper aims at a better understanding of the concept of korean separablesyntactic atom, of which inner parts is separable in syntax, and at examiningwhether or not this concept can apply to derivatives, functional complexconstructions, idiomatic expressions in korean. I defined a syntactic atom as a minimum unit which is drawn directly fromlexicon and then is applied to syntactic rules. And I insist that so-called ‘lexicalisland constraint’ has some problems and that the syntactic rules can be appliedto inner parts of syntactic atom, if the syntactic rules is irrelevant to new syntacticatom formation. The greater part of derivatives is non-separable syntactic atoms. But the likesof ‘반짝거리다’, ‘죄송스럽다’, ‘칭얼대다’ are the separable syntactic atoms. Thedegree of separability of them is different in the insertion of korean particlesor negative adverbs and the omission of root of sytactic atom. The derivativesof ‘X-적’, of which roots is regular nominal roots, permit the syntactic link betweenroots and the syntactic combination of the root and its argument. These kindsof derivatives is separable syntactic atoms. Also the derivatives of ‘bracket paradox’and ‘X-답-’ derivatives is separable syntactic atoms. All functional complex constructions are not separable syntactic atoms. Accordingto the degree of grammaticalization, inner parts of some are separable, some isnon-separable. Separable functional complex constructions only permit theswitching of endings or Josas but not application of other syntactic rules. Allidiomatic expressions which are composed of two or more syntactic atoms areseparable syntactic atoms. Some of them have so strong separability to allowthe insertion of syntactic atom, adverb or adnominal modification and the nounin idiomatic expression to become the head of the relative clause. And someidiomatic expressions which have weak separability only permit interrogative’ssubstitution or form change in fraction of idiomatic expressions.

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