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Aimé Césaire's postcolonial thought as a ‘Non-Western resistance discourse’: In terms of speaker, language and counter-discourse

Il-Sung CHOI 1

1한서대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the beginning of the 20th century, post-colonialism has directly raised questions about western-centered universalism. One of its main achievements is that the political liberation of a colonial society does not guarantee the social, economic and cultural liberation of a society. Therefore, the discourse of liberation in the Western society, in particular, Marxism, nationalism, feminism and postmodernism, cannot be directly applied to the non-Western society. As a result, Western and non-Western societies are unfortunately dreaming of different futures and liberation; therefore, a‘geopolitical dialogue’ is needed between them. However, the theorists' efforts for postcolonial liberation failed to distinguish themselves from the western-centric traditions. It is also true that they have, in conjunction with these traditions, established their own power. As we know, many of the postcolonial criticisms somehow had relations with the West. This study will re-read the postcolonial thought of Aimé Césaire, the father of the so-called Négritude, as a ‘non-western resistance discourse’. Through this process, we have a chance to reflect on Césaire and his postcolonial thoughts.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.