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Early Warning System, Disaster Recovery System and Technology Transfer Practices in Korea

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2009, 5(1), pp.102-107
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

오정림 1 박덕근 2

1소방방재청 방재연구소
2소방방재청방재연구소

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Every year, Korea has been suffering from various natural hazards, which cause tremendous property damages and human losses. Major types of natural hazards in Korea are typhoon and heavy rains. A total of $3.5 billion has been invested for wide-ranging mitigation projects over a period of 10 years from 1998 to 2007. Various systematic multi-hazard warning systems have been proposed and established to protect people's lives and minimize the damages to critical infrastructures in different areas. From conventional, commercial electronic display boards to cutting-edge information technologies, five different early warning systems now operate against natural disasters in Korea: i.e. the Cell Broadcasting Service (CBS) mobile phone message system, automatic verbal notification system, automatic rainfall warning system, disaster notification board system and radio disaster warning broadcasting system using the radio data system (RDS). The most vulnerable industries, settlements and societies are generally located in coastal areas and river flood plains, and their economies are closely linked with climate-sensitive resources. This applies particularly to the locations already prone to extreme weather events, and especially to the areas undergoing rapid urbanization. Where extreme weather events become more intense or more frequent, the economic and social costs of those events will increase. This paper reviews current early warning and recovery system in Korea. And international cooperation is included supporting technology transfer for developing countries.

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