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Major Policies and Current Status of Ministry of Environment(MOE) for the Response to Chemical Accidents

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2007, 3(2), pp.18-29
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

윤이 1 양희선 2 박춘화 1 조문식 2 김성범 2 이문순 2

1국립환경연구원
2국립환경과학원

ABSTRACT

Due to the increase of the amount of chemical aterials and continuous introduction of new chemicals, the occurrence possibility of chemical accidents is gradually increasing and the social caution on terrors using hazardous chemicals is growing heavier. Chemical accidents has possibility to cause fatal disaster, and thus it is very important to radically manage chemicals and to prepare for quick and correct counter- measures of chemical accidents. The Ministry of Environment has been proceeding various projects for the preliminary prevention and the ordinary response. 1) Through revision of the Toxic Chemical Control Act, it has been developing various systems to prevent chemical accidents including reinforcement of manage- ment standard of hazardous chemicals handling facilities and designation & management of Accident Precaution Chemical. 2) It has promoted and expanded its organizations including establishing and managing the exclusive body which supplies technical supports that are necessary to develope policy and response system to prevent chemical accidents. 3) It in stages expanded response equipments including personal protection equipments, detection and analysis instruments for better performance of on-site task. 4) It has been operating education programs targeting early response agents including fire fighter, police, local government civil servants, etc. 5) It established the Chemical Accidents Response Information System(CARIS) and various response organization are using the system. 6) It has been enforcing the "Accident Impact Assessments system" which predicts and impact of the accident and through this manages the contaminated area. In addition, the MOE will continuously proceed the following efforts: 1) the establishment of the Toxic Chemicals Transport Vehicle Management System which traces the course of toxic chemical transport vehicle and monitors the accident in real time, 2) the extention of information supply on chemicals and chemical products to civilian, 3) the modification of on-site response capacity through developing accident response technologies and various guidelines, and 4) the purchase of the Special Vehicle for Chemical Accidents.

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