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A Historical Study on a Constitutional Crisis and Response: Focused on Constitutional Amendment of Rhee Syngman and a Political Upheaval

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2013, 9(2), pp.215-246
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Kwon, Ja Kyung 1

1강릉원주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on a constitutional crisis as a decision variable that build a nation under autocratic rule in South Korea. In the initial stages, constitutionalism secured democracy by establishing the constitution in order to protect the right of citizens from absolute monarchy, since then a crisis that a established constitution has invaded democracy has risen. After establishment of a constitution, Rhee Syungman President proclaimed martial law in Busan during the Korean War as he was losing his positions. Progressively, he made the selected amendment to the Constitution in 1952 and the rounding off to the nearest integer in 1954. Finally he used the method which was elected directly by the vote of the people with an aim of long-term seizure of power. This constitutional crisis caused imbalance of the power of the state and violations of basic human rights and it continues until now.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.